How to Make a Literary Trial Step by Step

A literary essay is the most free and subjective essay.

Being free and subjective is not synonymous with lack of order, clarity and formal rigor; This, like any other essay, requires a clear, orderly writing that follows the general structure of this type of texts.

The literary essay is characterized by the stylistic care that the writer puts on doing it, which means that it has obvious poetic or literary nuances, which are as important as the ideas that are developed in it.

Therefore, to write a literary essay you must add two qualities and take care of two aspects, ideas and beauty of writing.

Differences with other types of trials

The genre of the essay is very broad and covers many types, such as the scientific, the philosophical, the critical and, of course, the literary. However, this presents an important difference in relation to the rest.

Other essay, like the academic one, concentrates its importance in the content, in the ideas and arguments, in the objectivity and in the validity that they assure in relation to the hypothesis, looking for that the language is neutral and formal, respectful of the standardized forms and Academics to name reality.

But the poetic essay, in addition to ideas or arguments, has interest in the beauty with which these ideas are exposed, so choose the words, metaphors and comparisons that can generate greater aesthetic effect in the reader.

Steps prior to writing the literary essay

A literary essay can deal with any topic and be of any kind, it is enough that the ideas presented and developed in it meet the general criteria of structure that are presented below.

And, in addition to following the general structure of the essay, it is important that language seek eloquence; generate an aesthetic effect.

1.-Before writing your literary essay, I recommend you consider the following steps:

2.-Select the topic on which you are going to write.

3.-Define what is the opinion you want to offer or present about it.

4.-Identify a series of arguments: readings, experiences, meditations or reflections, which serve to show your personal reasons that lead you to think what you think about the subject.

5.-Design a writing plan in which you order the subject, opinion and arguments so that they have coherence and that can also be literarily valuable for the reader.

6.-After all these steps, the next thing is to write your literary essay and, finally, correct it, that is important to take care of its quality.

General structure of the literary essay


In this initial part of your essay, one of the main intentions is to get the attention of readers from the clear presentation of the topic and your opinion about it.

The author of that depressing essay presents us with the theme, the idea that we should have friends and aspirations, and he presents his opinion in the form of a question: it would be better not to have this and, better still, to get away from it all.

Here, in addition to the idea, aesthetics, beauty is taken care of.


Here you will develop your arguments, through which you demonstrate the validity of your personal opinion.

The arguments of a literary essay can be personal meditations, life experiences, memories, memories, some readings, etcetera; but everything, remember, with a personal, subjective tone and with a carefully and literarily beautiful language.


This is the final part of your literary essay, in it you must build a kind of refuge where your opinion and your arguments meet and dialogue, that is, here you must refer the relation of the arguments and the opinion of the essay.

You must show how these readings, experiences, meditations or reflections allow you to validate what you believe on the subject of what your text is about.

Finally, I recommend that you visit the section on literary essays of the magazine Letras Libres, where important writers publish their essays and are within our reach.